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The Economics Rare Book Reading Room. Classic Economics.

 

New York City Public Library reading room, ca 1911
New York City Public Library reading room, ca 1911

Welcome to  Economics in the Rear-View Mirror. If you find this page interesting, here is the list of “artifacts” from the history of economics I have already assembled. Sample or click on the search icon in the upper right to explore by name, university, or category. You can subscribe to this blog below.  There is even an opportunity to comment….

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Before April 1526

Copernicus, Nicolaus.  Monetae Cudendae Ratio (On the Coinage of Money).

Latin and Polish translation (1854). Beginning p. 563 in Nicolai Copernici Torunensis De revolutionibus orbium coelestium libri sex : accedit G. Joachimi Rhetici Narratio prima, cum Copernici nonnullis scriptis minoribus nunc primum collectis, ejusque vita. Warsaw: Strąbski, 1854.

Latin and French translation (1864). Traictie de la première invention des monnoies de Nicole Oresme; textes français et latin d’après les manuscrits de la Bibliothèque impeériale, et Traité de la monnoie de Copernic; texte latin et traduction française. Publiés et annotés par M. L. Wolowski.  Paris, Guillaumin et cie., 1864. Download entire book at archive.org.

Latin and German translation (1978). Die Geldlehre des Nicolaus Copernicus. Texte, Übersetzungen Kommentare. Erich Sommerfeld, ed. Berlin (East): Akademie-Verlag, 1978.

Latin and English translation and images of original (Copernican Academic Portal, Nicolaus Copernicus Thorunensis of Nicolaus Copernicus University). There exists three copies according to Leszek Zygner’s introductory page.
Images; transcription; translation (by Edward Rosen).

1539

Xenophontis Socratici liber, qui Oeconomicus inscribiturBernardinus Donatus Veronensis vertit, 1539.
Repository: National Central Library of Rome.

1577

Bodin, Jean. Les Six Livres de la RépubliqueParis: Jacques du Puys, 1577.
Repository: National Central Library of Rome.

1578

Bodin, Jean. Discours de Jean Bodin, sur le rehaussement et diminution des monnoyes…et Responce aux Paradoxes de monsieur de Malestroict. Paris: Jacques du Puys, 1578.
Repository: Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Bodin, Jean. Les Paradoxes du seingneur de Malestroict,…sur le faict des monnoyes, presentez à sa Majesté, au moys de Mars, MDLXVI. Avec la responce de Jean Bodin ausdicts Paradoxes. Paris: Jacques du Puys, 1578.  [alternate copy: Paris: Martin le Jeune, 1578]

1586

Bodin, Jean. De republica libri sex, Latine ab autore redditi multo quam antea locupletioresParis: Jacques du Puys, 1586.
Repository: National Central Library of Rome.

1606

Bodin, Jean. The Six Bookes of a Commonweale. Out of the French and Latine Copies done into English, by Richard Knolles. London. 1606.
Repository: John Adams Library at Boston Public Library.

1651

Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan, or The Matter, Forme, & Power of a Common-Wealth Eclesiasticall and Civill. London: Andrew Crooke, 1651.
Repository: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek.

 Reprint Oxford: James Thornton, 1881.  Repository: Cornell University

1671

Bodin, Jean. Responsio ad paradoxa Maelstretti de caritate rerum eiusque remediis. Helmestadii: Henningi Mulleri, 1671.
Repository: National Library of Naples.

1707

Boisguilbert, Pierre Le Pesant de. Le détail de la France, sous le règne présent. Vol. I, Vol. II.
Repository: Duke University. (Kress Catalogue of Harvard University, Graduate School of Business Administration, item 2542).

1722-23

Ernst, Ludwig Carl. Traité de la richesse des princes et de leure états de des moyens simples et naturels pour y parvenir. Paris, Théodore Legras.  Vol. I, Vol. II, Vol. III.
Repository: K.K. Hofbibliothek, Österr. Nationalbibliothek.

See Leopold Katscher’s abstract of a pamphlet about this work by Carl Victor Böhmert, “A Bibliographical Discovery in Political Economy,” Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 9, No. 3 (June 1901), 423-436.

1729

Mandeville, Bernard. The Fable of the Bees: or, Private Vices, Publick Benefits, 6th edition. London: J. Tonson, 1729.
Repository: Oxford University.

1738

Bernoulli, Daniel. Specimen theoriae novae de mensura sortis, Commentarii academiae scientiarum imperialis PetropolitanaeTomus V. St. Petersburg, 1738, pp. 175-192.

German translation by Alfred Pringsheim with introduction by Ludwig Fick. Leipzig: Duncker & Mumblot, 1896.

English translation (link requires access to jstor) by Dr. Louise Sommer published as “Exposition of a New Theory on the Measurement of Risk” in Econometrica, Vol. 22, No. 1 (January, 1954), pp. 23-36.

1745

Fleetwood, WilliamChronicon Preciosum: Or, An Account of English Gold and Silver Money; The Price of Corn and other Commodities; And of Stipends, Salaries, Wages, Jointures, Portions, Day-labour, Etc., for Six hundred Years last past...   London: T. Osborne, 1745.
Repository: University of Michigan.

1752

Hume, David. Political Discourses. Edinburgh: R. Fleming, 1752.
Repository: McGill University Library.

1753

Hume, David. Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects. Vol. I. Containing Essays, Moral and Political. Fourth Edition, corrected, with Additions. London: A. Millar, in the Strand: and A. Kincaid and A. Donaldson, in Edinburgh. 1753.
Repository: New York Public Library.

1756

Cantillon, Richard. Essai sur la nature du commerce en général. Traduit de l’anglois,. A Londres, Chez Fletcher Gyles, dans Holborn, 1756.
Repository: Duke University Library, Rare Book Room.

Hume, David. Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects. Vol. II. Containing Philosophical Essays concerning Human Understanding. Third Edition, with Additions and Corrections. London: A. Millar, in the Strand: and A. Kincaid and A. Donaldson, in Edinburgh. 1756.
Repository: New York Public Library.

1758

Hume, David. Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects. A New Edition. London: A. Millar, in the Strand: and A. Kincaid and A. Donaldson, at Edinburgh. 1758.
Repository: New York Public Library.

1760

Hume, David. Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects. Vol. I. Containing Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary. Part I [Published in 1742]  A New Edition. London: A. Millar, in the Strand: and A. Kincaid and A. Donaldson, at Edinburgh. 1760.
Repository: Library of Oxford University.
Hume, David. Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects. Vol. II.Containing Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary. Part II [Published in 1752]  A New Edition. London: A. Millar, in the Strand: and A. Kincaid and A. Donaldson, at. 1760.
Repository: Library of Oxford University.
Hume, David. Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects. Vol. III.Containing An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding.  A New Edition. London: A. Millar, in the Strand: and A. Kincaid and A. Donaldson, at Edinburgh. 1760.
Repository: Library of Oxford University.

1761

Smith, Adam. The Theory of Moral Sentiments, 2nd edition. London: Printed for A. Millar.
Repository: University of Lausanne. Reproduction of original from Kress Library of Business and Economics

1763

Mirabeau, Victor de Riquetti, marquis de; Quesnay, François.

Philosophie rurale, ou Économie générale et politique de l’agriculture, réduite à l’ordre immuable des Loix physiques & morales, qui assurent la Prospérité des Empires. Amsterdam [Paris]: 1763.   412 pages. in-4°.  Tableau Èconomique after page xxvi and before page 1.
Repository: John Adams Library at Boston Public Library.

CoverForPhilosophieRurale

Philosophie rurale: ou, Économie générale et politique de l’agriculture, réduite à l’ordre immuable des Loix physiques & morales, qui assurent la prospérité des Empires.
Repository: John Adams Library at Boston Public Library.

Vol I, Chapters I-VII, Amsterdam [Paris]: 1763. in-12°. Tableau Économique after page lvi and before page 1.

Vol. II, Chapters VIII-IX. Amsterdam [Paris]: 1763. 378 pages plus one page errata. Tableau Économique before page 1.

Vol. III, Chapters X-XII, Récapitulation. Amsterdam [Paris]: 1763. 324 pages. Tableau Économique before page 1.

1766

Justi, Johann Heinrich Gottlob von. System des Finanzwesens: nach vernüftigen aus dem Endzweck der bürgerlichen Gesellschaften, und aus der Natur aller Quellen der Einküfte des Staats hegeleiteten Grundsätzen und Regeln ausführlich abgehandelt. Halle: Renner, 1766.
Repository: Regensburg, Staatliche Bibliothek.

Copy in the New York Public Library. 

Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques.Réflexions sur la formation et la distribution des richesses. 1766.
Repository: Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Transcription by Paulette Taieb , Université Paris I,of version published in Ephémérides du citoyen ou bibliothèque raisonnée des sciences morales et politiques. 1769. Tome XI.
English translation (1795).
Ashley edition (1898). With excellent introductory essay. Wikisource transcription of the Ashley edition.
English translation in The Turgot Collection, David Gordon (ed.). Mises Institute, 2011.

1767

Steuart, James. An Inquiry into the Principles of Political Oeconomy: Being an Essay on the Science of Domestic Policy in Free Nations. Two volumes. London: 1767. Volume I; Volume II.
Repository: John Adams Library at Boston Public Library.

 

Quesnay, François and Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel. Physiocratie, ou Constitution naturelle du governement le plus avantageux au genre humain.  Discussions et développmens sur quelques-unes des notions de l’économie politique. Pour servir de seconde partie au recueil intitulé: Physiocratie, 1767. [Both volumes I and II can be found among the Menger Collection at the Center for Historical Social Science Literature, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo]
Repository: National Central Library of Florence.
Repository (Copy 2): Bibliothèque nationale de France.

1768

Quesnay, François and Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel. Physiocratie, ou Constitution naturelle du governement le plus avantageux au genre humain. Partie 1. 1768
Repository: Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Quesnay, François and Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel. Physiocratie, ou Constitution naturelle du governement le plus avantageux au genre humain.  Discussions et développmens sur quelques-unes des notions de l’économie politique. Pour servir de seconde partie au recueil intitulé: Physiocratie. Tome III.  1768.
Repository: University of Michigan [from the library of Professor Karl Heinrich Rau].

Quesnay, François and Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel. Physiocratie, ou Constitution naturelle du governement le plus avantageux au genre humain.  Discussions et développmens sur quelques-unes des notions de l’économie politique. Pour servir de seconde partie au recueil intitulé: Physiocratie. Tome IV.  1768.
Repository: University of Michigan [from the library of Professor Karl Heinrich Rau].

1776

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. London, 1776. Two Volumes (First Edition). Volume I; Volume II.
Repository: Boston Public Library.

First edition also at the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek.

Condillac, Abbé de. Le Commerce et le Gouvernement, Considérés relativement l’un à l’autre. Amsterdam (Paris): 1776.
Repository: John Adams Library at Boston Public Library.

1778

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.  London, 1778. Two Volumes (Second Edition, Copy of John Adams). Volume I; Volume II.
Repository: John Adams Library at Boston Public Library.

1781

Rössig, Carl Gottlob. Versuch einer pragmatischen Geschichte der Ökonomie- Polizei- und CameralwissenschaftenDeutschland. Bd.I. Leipzig, 1781.
Repository: Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin-Preußischer Kulturbesitz.

1782

Rössig, Carl Gottlob. Versuch einer pragmatischen Geschichte der Ökonomie- Polizei- und Cameralwissenschaften. Deutschland. Bd.II. Leipzig, 1782.
Repository: Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin-Preußischer Kulturbesitz.

1787

Bentham, Jeremy. Defense of Usury; Shewing the Impolicy of the Present Legal Restraints on the Terms of Pecuniary Bargains. London, 1787.
Repository: Oxford University.

1798

Malthus, Thomas Robert. An Essay on the Principle of Population, as it Affects the Future Improvement of Society. [First addition] London: Printed for J. Johnson, in St. Paul’s Church-Yard, 1798.
Repository: Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto.

1803

Malthus, Thomas Robert.  An Essay on the Principle of Population; or, A View of its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness. New edition, very much enlarged. London: Printed for J. Johnson, in St. Paul’s Church-Yard, 1803.
Repository: Reproduction of original from Kress Library of Business and Economics, Harvard University Goldsmiths’-Kress Collection.

1815

Malthus, Thomas Robert. An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent, and the Principles by which it is Regulated. London: John Mrray, Albermarle Street. [A Reprint of Economic Tracts, Edited by Jacob H. Hollander, Johns Hopkins Press, 1903]
Repository: University of California.

1817

Ricardo, David. On the Principles of Political Economy, and Taxation[First edition] London: John Murray, 1817.
Repository: New York Public Library.

1819

Ricardo, David. On the Principles of Political Economy, and Taxation[First American Edition] Georgetown, D.C.: Joseph Milligan, 1819.
Repository: Library of Congress.

1821

Ricardo, David. On the Principles of Political Economy, and Taxation[Third edition] London: John Murray, 1821.
Repository: Reproduction at Oxford from original from Kress Library of Business and Economics, Harvard University.

1823

Bentham, Jeremy. An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation. New edition, corrected by the author. Two volumes. London, 1823. Volume I; Volume II.
Repository: University of California.

Lowe, Joseph. The Present State of England in Regard to Agriculture, Trade, and Finance; with a Comparison of the Prospects of England and France. Second Edition, with various additions and emendations. London: 1823.
Repository: University of California Libraries.

1824

McCulloch, John Ramsey. A Discourse on the Rise, Progress, Peculiar Objects and Importance, of Political Economy: Containing an Outline of a Course of Lectures on the Principles and Doctrines of that Science. Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Co.

1826

McCulloch, John Ramsey. Historical Sketch of the Rise and Progress of the Science of Political Economy. Edinburgh: A. Balfour & Co.

Malthus, Thomas Robert.  An Essay on the Principle of Population; or, A View of its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness. Sixth Edition in two volumes. Volume I; Volume II.  London: John Murray, 1826.
Repository: The Online Library of Liberty does not give this information.

Thünen, Johann Heinrich von. Der isolirte Staat in Beziehung auf Landwirthschaft und Nationalökonomie oder Untersuchungen über den Einfluß, den die Getreidepreise, der Reichthum des Bodens und die Abgaben auf den Ackerbau ausüben. Hamburg: Friedrich Perthes, 1826.
Repository: Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin—Preußischer Kulturbesitz.

1827

Malthus, Thomas Robert. Definitions in Political Economy Preceded by an  Inquiry into the Rules which Ought to Guide Political Economists in the Definition and Use of their TermsLondon: John Murray.

1832

Weitzel, Johannes Ignaz. Geschichte der Staatswissenschaft. Erster Theil. Stuttgart und Tübingen, J. G. Cotta, 1832.
Repository: Library of Congress.

1833

Weitzel, Johannes Ignaz. Geschichte der Staatswissenschaft. Zweiter Theil. Stuttgart und Tübingen, J. G. Cotta, 1833.
Repository: Library of Congress.

1834

Rae, John. Statement of some new principles on the subject of political economy, exposing the fallacies of the system of free trade, and of some other doctrines maintained in the “Wealth of Nations”. Boston: Hilliard, Gray, and Co. 1834.
Repository: University of California Libraries.

1835

Baumstark, Eduard. Kameralistische Encyclopädie: Handbuch der Kameralwissenschaften und ihrer Literatur für Rechts- und Verwaltungs-Beamten, Landstände, Gemeinde- Räthe und Kameral-Candidaten. Heidelberg and Leipzig: Verlag Karl Groos, 1835.
Repository: Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin.

1837

Wayland, Francis. The Elements of Political Economy. New York, 1837.
[Author was the President of Brown University, and Professor of Moral Philosophy.  The textbook assigned at University of Michigan 1851-2, junior year undergraduate course.]
Repository:  Library of Congress.

1838

Cournot, Augustin. Recherches sur les Principes Mathématiques de la Théorie des Richesses. Paris, 1838.
Repository:  Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Philosophie, histoire, sciences de l’homme.

1842

Thünen, Johann Heinrich von. Der Isolirte Staat in Beziehung auf Landwirthschaft und Nationalökonomie. Neudruck nach der Ausgabe letzter Hand (2. Auflage, 1842, eingeleitet von Professor Dr. Heinrich Waentig in Halle a. S. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer, 1910. [pp. v-391]
Erster Teil. Untersuchungen über den Einfluss, den die Getreidepreise, der Reichthum des Bodens und die Abgaben auf den Ackerbau ausüben.

1845

McCulloch, John Ramsay. The Literature of Political Economy: A Classified Catalogue of Select Publications in the Different Departments of that Science, with Historical, Critical, and Biographical Notices. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1845.
Repository: Cornell University.

1847

Twiss, Travers. View of the Progress of Political Economy in Europe since the Sixteenth Century. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1847.
Repository: University of California.

1848

Marx, Karl; Engels, Friedrich. Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei. London, February 1848.
Repository: Apparently Baker Library, Harvard Business School (Kress Room , January 4, 1941 written on back of title page).

1849

Mill, John Stuart. Principles of Political Economy with Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy. 1st edition. 1849.  Volume I; Volume II.
Repository: Reproduction of original from Goldsmiths’ Library, University of London,  Oxford University.

1850

Thünen, Johann Heinrich von. Der Isolirte Staat in Beziehung auf Landwirthschaft und Nationalökonomie. Neudruck nach der Ausgabe letzter Hand (1 Auflage, 1850), eingeleitet von Professor Dr. Heinrich Waentig in Halle a. S. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer, 1910. [pp. 397-]
Zweiter Theil. Der naturgemässe Arbeitslohn und dessen Verhäftniss zum Zinsfuss und zur Landrente.

1854

Gossen, Hermann Heinrich. Entwickelung der Gesetze des menschlichen Verkehrs, und der daraus fließenden Regeln für menschliches Handeln. Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, 1854.
Repository: Columbia University Library.

1855-58

Mohl, Robert von. Die Geschichte und Literatur der Staatswissenschaften in Monographieen Dargestellt. Erlangen: Verlag Ferdinand Enke.

Erster Band, 1855.
Repository: New York Public Library.

Zweiter Band, 1856.
Repository: Harvard University.

Dritter Band, 1858.
Repository: University of California.

1867

Marx, Karl. Das Kapital. Erster Band. Buch I: Der Produktionsprocess des Kapitals. (Hamburg: Otto Meissner, 1867).
Repository: Boston Public Library.

1871

Menger, Carl. Grundsätze der Volkswirthschaftslehre. Wien: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1871.
Repository: Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin—Preußischer Kulturbesitz.

George, Henry. Our Land and Land Policy. San Francisco, 1871.
Repository: Harvard University.

1874

Roscher, Wilhelm. Geschichte der National-Oekonomik in Deutschland. München: R. Oldenbourg, 1874.
Repository: Oxford University.

Walras, Léon. Éléments d’Économie Politique Pure ou Théorie de la Richesse Sociale. Lausanne: L. Corbaz & cie, 1874.
Repository
: Harvard University.

1876

Contzen, Heinrich. Geschichte, Literatur und Bedeutung der Nationalökonomie oder Volkswirtschaftslehre. Cassel und Leipzig: Carl Maurer,1876.
Repository: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, München.

1878

Roscher, William. Principles of Political Economy. Translated by John J. Lalor. Chicago: Callaghan and Company, 1878. Volume I, Volume II.
Repository: Digital Library of India.

1879

Marshall, Alfred and Marshall, Mary Paley. The Economics of Industry. London: Macmillan and Co., 1879.
Repository: New York Public Library.

1881

Edgeworth, F. Y. Mathematical Psychics. An Essay on the Application of Mathematics to the Moral SciencesC. Kegan Paul & Co., 1 Paternoster Square, 1881.
Repository: Leland Stanford Jr. University (July 20, 1900).

1884

Menger, Carl. Die Irrthümer des Historismus in der deutschen Nationalökonomie. Wien: Alfred Hölder, 1884.
Repository: Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin—Preußischer Kulturbesitz.

1885

Bagehot, Walter. The Postulates of English Political Economy. Student edition with a Preface by Alfred Marshall. New York & London: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1885.
Repository: Library of Congress.

1887

Marx, Karl. Capital: A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production. Translated from the third German edition by Samuel More and Edward Aveling and edited by Frederick Engels. Vol. I. London: Swan Sonnenschein, Lowrey, & Co., 1887. Title page with (presumably) the signature of Beatrice Potter [Webb].
Repository: Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

1888

Schmoller, Gustav. Zur Litteraturgeschichte der Staats- und Sozialwissenschaften . Leipzig: Duncker & Humboldt, 1888.
Repository: Library of the University of Michigan.

1891

Hasbach, Wilhelm.  Untersuchungen über Adam Smith und die Entwicklung der politischen Ökonomie. Leipzig: Duncker & Humboldt, 1891.
Repository: Robarts Library, University of Toronto.

1892

Walras, Léon. Geometrical Theory of the Determination of Prices, translated by Irving FisherThe Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Vol. 3 (July, 1892), pp 45-64.

1896

Pareto, Vilfredo.  Cours d’Économie Politique. Volume I, Lausanne, 1896.
Repository:  Institut Coppet.

1897

Pareto, Vilfredo.  Cours d’Économie Politique.  Volume II.   Lausanne, 1897.
Repository:  Institut Coppet.

1898

Walras, Léon. Études d’Economie Politique Appliquée (Théorie de la Production de la Richesses Sociale). Lausanne: F. Rouge, 1898.
Repository: Bibliothèque Nationale de France.

1899

Facts for Socialists from the Political Economists and Statisticians. Fabian Tract No. 5, 8th ed. London.
Repository: London School of Economics.

1906

Pareto, Wilfredo. Manuale di Economia Politica con una Introduzione alla Scienza Sociale. Milano: Società Editrice Libraria, 1906.
Repository: economics-reloaded.de  website.

1919 edition from the Roberts Library, University of Toronto.

1908

Schumpeter, Joseph. Das Wesen und der Hauptinhalt der theoretischen Nationalökonomie. Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot, 1908.
Repository: Harvard University.

1910

Wicksteed, Philip H. The Common Sense of Political Economy, including a Study of the Human Basis of Economic Law. London: Macmillan and Co., 1910.
Repository: Cornell University Library.

Reprinted in 1933 with an 18 page introduction by Lionel Robbins along with additional essays by Wicksteed, course syllabi, and bibliography of writings on economics and sociology in the second volume. Can be downloaded at the mises.org library:  Volume I, Volume II.

1922

Weber, Max. Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Wissenschaftslehre. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1922.
Repository: Roberts Library. University of Toronto.

1926

Marshall, Alfred. Official Papers [1886-1903]. Royal Economic Society, published by Macmillan, 1926.
Repository: Digital Library of India.

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Image Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA.